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Seven Deadly Sins

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Hieronymus Bosch's The Seven Deadly Sins and the Four Last Things

The Seven Deadly Sins, also known as Seven SinsCapital Vices and Cardinal Sins, are a major part of many theological writings and ethics, especially those of the Christian faith. Traditionally, these sins are not called deadly because they themselves are especially grave, but because the lead people to commit other sins ( i.e. sloth may lead to negligence). However, that is not to say that extreme forms of these will put someone's soul in danger, for example someone completely destroying their health do to gluttony. Each deadly sin has what are called "daughter vices" which is what the deadly sin may create. Some have what are called "species" which are the forms in which the a sin may be committed.

The Seven Deadly Sins are also a popular subject in fiction and are usually embodied as powerful demons or similar monsters: Satan is often believed to embody all of the seven sins, though Pride is his most prominent feature. It is the negative counterpart of Seven Heavenly Virtues.

The Seven Sins

Sloth

Sloth is sometimes mistaken for excessive laziness, sullenness, idleness, and negligence; but in its original sense, Sloth is being sorrowful at having to do something good because it is seen as too hard. An example of this would be a mother grieving over having to take care of her child. Another form of Sloth, sometimes called acedia (Latin for apathy) or spiritual sloth is the same thing, but directed towards spiritual things; such as having to follow the Ten Commandments.[1]

Gluttony

Gluttony is the sin of excessive eating and drinking, especially if it is seen as wasteful and even more so if one denies food to the needy to satisfy one's own unhealthy diet: many medieval royals and nobility could of been considered guilty of this sin, with Henry VIII of England being especially infamous for his wasteful attitude towards food (reportedly taking a single bite from a large rump of meat and throwing the rest away). It is commonly confused with another sin called intemperance, which is a lack of moderation in earthly things.

Lust

Lust is the sin of excessive desire for the pleasures of the flesh, in many religions, sex outwith that done to reproduce is either sinful or to be kept hidden -- this made the subject of open sexuality a very controversial one and Lust was seen to be the manifestation of such behavior. In the modern world, where sexuality has become much more accepted, Lust is regarded more as that which is abnormal or dangerous (such as perversion or lewd behavior in unacceptable circumstances).

Greed

Greed is the sin of excessive love of material things such as money, wealth or power -- some faiths have also coined the word "Mammon" to describe this particular sin. It has also been referred to as covetousness.

Pride

Pride is the sin of excessive self-worth, comparable to vanity and/or arrogance -- science has coined the term "Malignant Narcissist" to describe such individuals: who often act in very selfish and sometimes dangerous ways and putting themselves before others. It is described as the root of all sin.

Wrath

Wrath is the sin of excessive anger as well as those who seek to exact unjust revenge on others, this became especially important after the teachings of "turn the other cheek" came into place and revenge was seen as an unacceptable act (whilst in ancient times attitudes towards revenge were less severe, though even then those who took excessively cruel tactics in their quest for vengeance would be considered "wrathful").

Envy

Envy is the sin of wanting that which belongs to another person or that which another person has and often involves a feeling of ill-will towards said person. In simpler terms, it can be seen as when someone resents another for having what they do not: whether it is property, beauty, family, friends or some other luxury, sometimes when they don't need it.

Species

Species are significant forms of a sin and not every sin has them. These are not the only ways these sins can be committed.

Gluttony [2]

  1. Drunkenness
  2. Sumptuousness, only wanting to eat expensive food
  3. Overconsumption, eating too much
  4. Greediness, eating without manners
  5. Hastiness, eating too quickly
  6. Daintiness, only wanting food prepared a certain way

Lust [3]

  1. Fornication
  2. Adultery
  3. Incest
  4. Seduction, when it is not lawful
  5. Rape
  6. Sodomy and other homosexual actions
  7. Bestiality
  8. Masturbation

Wrath [4]

  1. Sullenness, angrily healing wounds
  2. Sternness, seeking revenge
  3. Choler, getting angry too quickly

Pride [5]

  1. Hating others who have the same talents as you because you want to be to sole possessor of that talent.
  2. Bragging
  3. Thinking an excellence came from oneself and not from God
  4. Thinking you better than others

Daughter Vices

Pride -- every sin; especially vainglory (wanting praise and honor for something unworthy or bad), wonderment (being a show-off), boasting (bragging about something you don't actually possess), obstinacy (excessive stubbornness), discord (not willing to give up one's desires to the point of conflict), disobedience, and complaining.

Envy -- joy at another's misfortune, detraction (gossiping about someone when the subject is true), slander (gossiping about someone when the subject is false) railing (saying something in someone's face to hurt them), murmuring (spreading rumors) and hatred.

Wrath -- indignation (a sort of self-important form of wrath), "tumor of the mind" (constantly thinking about getting revenge), clamor (yelling at people), blasphemy, strife (fighting physically when it is not appropriate) irreverence (anger towards sacred things) impiety (unjust anger towards superiors) railing and backbiting/gossiping.

Sloth -- negligence (not preforming you duties), idleness (excessive relaxation to the point of wasting lots of time), despair (believing your Salvation is hopeless), pusillanimity (not doing something good, usually out of cowardice) hatred, gluttony, lust, inconstancy (instability with maintaining virtue) and loquaciousness (intemperate speech).

Greed -- hardheartedness (a stingy lack of compassion), treachery, craftiness (tricking people for your own end), violence, perjury, carnal prudence (overestimating the importance of earthly things) and lying.

Gluttony -- loquaciousness, "blindness of the mind" (a lack of the virtues of spiritual knowledge and understanding) scurrility (acting without decorum or manners) lust and indecorous joy (being overly happy at inappropriate times, such as a funeral).

Lust -- impulsiveness, thoughtlessness (not judging a situation correctly because of hatred of rules), inconstancy, worldliness, despair, blindness of the mind, selfishness, hatred of God and "dread of the future life" (hatred of the afterlife because it is devoid of earthly pleasures).

Other Appearances

The Seven Deadly sins have appeared in multiple adaptations, including TV Shows, Movies, Comic Books, and Video Games. Most of the time a villain either is named after a sin, or represent a certain sin.

  • In the Digimon series, there's a group of evil Digimon known as the Seven Great Demon Lords. Each one of them represents one of the seven sins, as well as a specific demon that represents the sin.
  • In Regular Show, Benson embodies Wrath.
  • In Garth Nix's fantasy series The Keys to the Kingdom, the Seven Morrow Days, the main antagonists of the series, respectively suffered from the sins after their betrayal. Mister Monday was infect by Sloth; Grim Tuesday was infect by Greed, Drowned Wednesday was infect by Gluttony, Sir Thursday was infect by Wrath, Lady Friday was infect by Lust (for knowledge), Superior Saturday was infect by Envy, and Lord Sunday was infect by Pride. 
  • In the God of War series, when Kratos opened Pandora's Box, various Gods of Olympus were infected by a certain evil. Some of them were infect by a certain sin(s). Athena was infected by Greed, Aphrodite was infected by Lust, Hera was infect by two sins: Sloth and Gluttony, Hercules was infect by Envy, Poseidon was infected by Wrath, and Hermes was infected by Pride.
    • Additionally it's likely that the other two kings; Hades, who was infect by Hate, and Zeus, who was infected by Fear, were also infect by Wrath, as Hades was filled with hatred towards Kratos for killing his wife, niece and eventually his brother, and Zeus sent the full wrath of Olympus in an attempt to kill Kratos.
  • In Devil May Cry 3, Dante encountered an army of demons known as the Seven Hells of the Demon Army. Each one of the demons is named after a certain sin.
  • In a manga/anime series known as Ultimo, there's an organization known as the Evil Dôji Branch, which consist of eight members. One of them, known as Vice, is suppose to be the ultimate evil, while the other seven represent a sin. Orgullo represents Pride, Jealous represents Envy, Rage represents Wrath, Paresse represents Sloth, Avaro represents Greed, Edile represents Gluttony, and Désir represents Lust.
  • In SpongeBob Squarepants, there are 2 characters whom each personalities possibly embody 2 of 7 deadly sins so far: Patrick Star, whom possibly represent Sloth, and Eugene H. Krabs, whom confirmed represented Greed.
  • In the Dragon Ball franchise, there are some villains who's personalities would best represent a few of the sins. Cell represents Pride for obsessing with how perfect he is, Dr. Gero representing Wrath for wanting revenge on Goku for destroying the Red Ribbon Army, Majin Buu representing Gluttony by having powers turn people into food, King Piccolo representing Greed for craving eternal youth, Oolong representing Lust mostly for being a pervert and wishing for panties effectively saving the Earth, Babidi representing Sloth as he usually sends out his Majin minions to do his dirty work and Envy obviously represented by Vegeta, who is jealous of Goku's insane power level.
  • In the first episode of Supernatural 's third season, entitled "The Magnificent Seven", a group of demons that were the living personifications of the cardinal sins were among those who were freed from Hell during the Season Two finale and were originally supposed to serve in Azazel's army, but following Azazel's demise, they begin operating as an independent group, only caring about causing death and suffering to entertain themselves.
  • In the fantasy-themed video-game Overlord, a group called the Seven Heroes is introduced who all indulges in one of the sins. However, since the heroes were originally eight instead of seven, it's been speculated that one of them, the Wizard, actually represents Satan himself.

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