Ludwig Von Koopa (or Kooky von Koopa) is the eldest and supposed leader of the seven Koopalings, and a recurring antagonist in the Super Mario Bros series. He is traditionally the seventh and final Koopaling fought in most Mario games, with a few exceptions such as Super Mario World or Mario & Luigi: Superstar Saga.

He is voiced by David J. Goldfarb.


Super Mario Bros. 3

Ludwig is the seventh Koopaling to be fought. Like his brother Roy, he causes a destructive earthquake when he lands. He must be jumped on three times to defeat him. Ludwig turned the king of Pipe Land into a Piranha Plant, but was defeated by Mario and Luigi in his airship, and ran off. In the SNES game Super Mario All Stars, which had remakes of all three NES games and lost levels of Super Mario Brothers, he turns the Pipe Land king into a dinosaur reminiscent of Yoshi.

Super Mario World

Ludwig is the fourth Koopaling to be fought, at the Twin Bridges. His fighting style is different from those of the other Koopalings, but like all of them except for Larry and Iggy, he must be jumped on three times to defeat him. He is fought in the biggest battle arena in the game, resembling a bridge above lava. Once defeated, he spirals into the distance and explodes in a puff of smoke.

Mario & Luigi: Superstar Saga

Like previously destroyed members of the Koopa Troop, Ludwig returned in another game. This time, however, he did not work for his father, Bowser, but the one possessing him: Cackletta. Like in Super Mario World, he was the fourth to fight Mario and Luigi, and was defeated. Afterwards, he apparently dies and disintegrates like the other defeated enemies.

Super Princess Peach

Ludwig was going to appear in Super Princess Peach (as were his siblings, except Bowser Jr.), but the decision was dropped, though after sprites were created for all of them.

New Super Mario Bros. Wii

For the first time, the Koopalings and Bowser Jr. appear together in a game. Like in Super Mario Bros. 3, Ludwig is the last Koopaling to be fought. Kamek uses his magic to make three platforms in the room rise, to which Ludwig's shell attack is not a threat (if Mario can jump to a different platform), Mario, Luigi, or the Toads will fall to their deaths if they fall off the platforms. It is Ludwig who falls over the edge when Mario jumps on him three times. Ironically, he survived what should have been a fatal fall, as he is seen in the ending sequence with Bowser, Bowser Jr., and the other Koopalings, though Bowser's castle falls on top of all of them.

New Super Mario Bros. 2

Ludwig is the main antagonist of New Super Mario Bros. 2 alongside his fellow Koopalings and Bowser and is once again the final Koopaling to be fought (though Larry and Lemmy can optionally be fought after him). Ludwig is the apparent ringleader behind the kidnapping of Princess Peach, evident by the fact he controls the Koopa Clown Car throughout the game. When fought, he flutter jumps on chains hanging on the ceiling and fires multiple magical fireballs at Mario, who must use cannons to knock Ludwig off the chain. He and the Koopalings later fall into a pool of lava after accidentally being knocked over by Bowser, who the Koopalings magically enlarged, but survive. They are later seen rescuing Bowser, only to lose control of the Clown Car due to Bowser's weight and crash land, with Ludwig lying on the ground sulking.

Mario Kart 8


Ludwig as well as all of the other Koopalings made their first appearance as playable characters in Mario Kart 8. He and Iggy are the only two Koopalings to be in the upper medium class. He is voiced by David J. Goldfarb in this game, who gives Ludwig a higher pitched voice.

Super Smash Bros. for Wii U and 3DS

Ludwig von Koopa (SSB4)

Ludwig von Koopa as Bowser Jr.'s alternate costume in Super Smash Bros. for Wii U and Super Smash Bros. for Nintendo 3DS.

Ludwig has been confirmed to be an alternate costume for Bowser Jr. in the videogames; Super Smash Bros. for Wii U and Super Smash Bros. for Nintendo 3DS.



  • Ludwig's name and hairstyle are derived from the composer Ludwig van Beethoven. However, according to Nintendo, the Koopalings (including Ludwig) designs were based on Super Mario Bros. 3's design team.
  • It is hinted that Ludwig and Bowser Jr. have a slight brotherly rivalry because of their undying loyalty to their father, they sometimes fight and compete over his love, attention and favor.


           Mario Villains

Koopa Troop
Bowser | Bowser Jr. | Koopalings: (Larry Koopa | Morton Koopa Jr. | Wendy O. Koopa | Iggy Koopa | Roy Koopa | Lemmy Koopa | Ludwig Von Koopa) | Kamek | Kammy Koopa | King Boo | King Bob-omb | Petey Piranha | Torkdrift | Goombas | Boos | Piranha Plants | Goomba King | Koopa Bros | Tutankoopa | Tubba Blubba | General Guy | Lava Piranha | Huff N. Puff | Crystal King | Cackletta | Fawful | Antasma

8 Bit Club
Wart | Mouser | Tryclyde | Fryguy | Clawgrip | Birdo | Shy Guys

Secret Society of X-Nauts
Sir Grodus | Lord Crump | Shadow Sirens | Doopliss | Shadow Queen

Elder Princess Shroob | Princess Shroob | Commander Shroob

Count Bleck's Minions
Count Bleck | Nastasia | O'Chunks | Mimi | Dimentio | Mr. L

Smithy Gang
Smithy | Exor | Mack | Bowyer | Yaridovich | Axem Rangers | Blade | Boomer | Count Down | Cloaker | Domino | Clerk | Manager | Director | Factory Chief

King K. Rool | Kremling Krew | Klump | Krusha | Krunch | Klubba

Army Dillo | Belome | Bonechill | Brobot | Broodals | Chuckolator | Cortez | Count Bleck's Father | Dark Star | Dino Piranha | Donkey Kong | Draggadon | Eely-Mouth | Francis | Gloomtail | Gooper Blooper | Grubba | Hooktail | Jr. Troopa | Kaptain Skurvy | Kent C. Koopa | King Croacus | King Kaliente | Mechawiggler | MegaBug | Mizzter Blizzard | Mollusque-Lancuer | Nabbit | Necky | Peewee Piranha | Phantom of the Bwahpera | Rabbids | Rabbid Kong | Rawk Hawk | Ruined Dragon | Shadoo | Smorg | Squizzard | Sunnycide | Tatanga | Viruses | Waluigi | Wario | Wracktail | Wingo | Wizpig