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Buffalo Bill

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It rubs the lotion on its skin, or else it gets the hose again.
~ Buffalo Bill's famous quote.
Put the fuckin' lotion in the basket!
~ Buffalo Bill's other famous Catchphrase.
Would you fuck me? I'd fuck me. I'd fuck me so hard.
~ Buffalo Bill's other famous, yet disturbing quote.
~ Buffalo Bill

Jame Gumb, better known as Buffalo Bill, is the main antagonist of the 1988 Thomas Harris novel The Silence of the Lambs and its 1991 five Acamdey-Award winning film adaptation. He is a psychopathic and violent serial killer who enjoys kidnapping women and making suits of their skins. He is perhaps most famous for his line, "it rubs the lotion on its skin or else it gets the hose again".

He was portrayed by actor Ted Levine.

Character Overview

Gumb kidnaps overweight women so he can starve them. He starves them so that their skin is much looser so after he murders them he can more easily remove their skin to fashion a "woman suit" for himself.

He considers himself transsexual, but is too disturbed to qualify for sex reassignment surgery.

He becomes known as "Buffalo Bill" during his murder spree because of an off-color joke by Kansas City homicide detectives; upon discovering his first victim, the detectives say "This one likes to skin his humps.".

Character History

Biography in The Novel

The novel reveals that Gumb was born on 1948 at California ,USA and was ultimately abandoned by his mother — an alcoholic prostitute who misspelled "James" on his birth certificate — and was taken into foster care at age two. He lived in foster homes until the age of 10, after which he was adopted by his grandparents, who became his first victims when he impulsively murdered them at the age of 12. After killing his grandparents ,he was transfered into a juvenile facilty in which he learned to become a tailor. After being released from a juvenile facility when he was 19, he went on to serve in the Navy. After his military service ,Gumb began a relationship with a young man named Benjamin Raspail ,even if he wasn't a gaysexual. After many time of "romantic" relationship ,Gumb then found out that Raspail went on to be with a Norwegian sailor named Klaus. Thus ,he murdered Klaus out of jelaously ,and had be with Hannibal as he was introduced to him by Raspail. After one psychiatristic session of only one time, Jame began being obsessed with becoming a woman ,so he went to Johns Hopkins Centre in order to hope and make a sexual surgery ,but he was rejected by them because of his psychological situation.

Becoming "Buffalo Bill"

Later ,he revealed that Lecter killed Raspail himself as he started a series of murders by his own, and then he also attacked a group of gay men ,while also having a relationship with a young woman named Fredrica Bimmel. After a pretty long relationship, she left him and he killed her with her identified as the third body found and the only one Gumb attempts to hide, by weighing it down in a riverbed. After the murder ,police officers started telling each other a joke about him ,which caused Gumb to gain the alias "Buffalo Bill". With this alias ,he murdered another women and because of the reason that he wasn't able to turn his gender from a male to female ,he used his skills as a tailor which he obtained in the juvenile facility in order to skin the victims and to make some suits of them in order to feel and become a woman.

In the 1991 Film Adaptation and Death


Buffalo Bill ,dressed as a woman using the skin of one of his latest victims. This scene also known as "would you fuck me?"

Gumb's modus operandi is to kidnap a woman by approaching her pretending to be injured, asking for help loading something heavy into his van, and then knocking her out in a surprise attack from behind. Once he has a woman in his house, he starves her until her skin is loose enough to easily remove. In the first three cases he leads the victims upstairs under the belief that they were to be offered a shower, and slips a noose around their necks and pushed them from the stairs, strangling them. In the case of the fourth victim, he shoots and skins her, places a Death's Head moth in her throat and dumps the body. He is fascinated by the moths' metamorphosis, a process he wants to undergo by becoming a woman. In one of the film's more infamous scenes, he dances around with his penis tucked between his legs, wearing a silk cape which he flourishes like butterfly wings. Gumb thinks of his victims as things rather than people, often referring to his victims as "it", e.g., "It rubs the lotion on its skin, or else it gets the hose again."

The FBI intensifies the manhunt for Gumb when he kidnaps Catherine Martin, the daughter of Republican U.S. Senator Ruth Martin. Then-FBI trainee Clarice Starling enlists serial killer Hannibal Lecter's help in tracking Gumb down, as Lecter had met Gumb while treating Benjamin Raspail, Gumb's one-time lover. Lecter gives Starling a series of cryptic clues to Gumb's identity, but never reveals his name in hopes that Starling will figure it out for herself. She eventually deciphers one of the doctor's riddles — "We covet what we see every day" — and realizes that Gumb knew his first victim, Bimmel.

Starling convinces her mentor, FBI Director Jack Crawford, to allow her to follow up on the lead. She travels to Belvedere, Ohio, Bimmel's hometown, to question her family and acquaintances. Over the phone she is informed that the FBI has learned the name of the killer and is deploying to Calumet City, Illinois with the FBI Hostage Rescue Team to take him down.

There's any problem ,officer?
(Clarice: Yeah ,i'm investigating the death of Frederica Bimmel. Your name is?)
Oh ,ah ,Jack Gordon...Oh wait ,does she was a big fat person? (Clarice: Yes ,she was fat. Well ,Mr. Gordon ,have you ever knew Mrs. Lippman?)
She doesn't live here anymore ,but i have her son's number on his visit card ,would you like to enter and i will search it?
(Clarice: Oh yeah ,thanks)
~ Buffalo Bill and Clarice Starling's first meeting

Starling, meanwhile, goes to the house of a Mrs. Lippman, Bimmel's elderly employer, only to find Gumb himself, calling himself "Jack Gordon". Following the elderly woman's death, Gumb inherited her house and began using it as a torture chamber for his victims. Starling realizes who he really is when she sees a Death's Head Moth flutter by, and orders him to surrender. Gumb flees into the basement with Starling in pursuit, and then cuts power to the basement and stalks her with night vision goggles. As he cocks his revolver, Starling instinctively fires at the sound, killing him. Martin is rescued, and Starling becomes a hero, as well as a full-fledged agent.


Look for severe childhood disturbances associated with violence. Our Billy wasn't born a criminal, Clarice. He was made one through years of systematic abuse. Billy hates his own identity, you see, and he thinks that makes him a transsexual. But his pathology is a thousand times more savage and more terrifying.
~ Hannibal Lecter describing Buffalo Bill to Clarice

Jame Gumb, although intelligent, showed signs of violence at a young age when he murdered his grandparents at age 12. Due to being abandoned by his mother and other unpleasant experiences during childhood, he developed a delusion that he was transgendered and desired to transition. However, due to his early murders, attacks on gay men, and personality tests, he did not meet the requirements as transsexual. Benjamin Raspail, his former lover, described Gumb as neither being gay or transsexual, but as an extremely disturbed man who had no sense of self and took on any identity that he felt suited him at the time. This suggests an extreme form of Borderline Personality Disorder.

One of his more disturbing personality traits is that he did not view people as beings with feelings. He referred to his victims as things or creatures, in order to make it easier to kill. He showed sadistic delight in hunting his victims in his basements, enjoying the distress he was causing as they wandered aimlessly in the dark. However, Gumb was not averse to feelings. He loved his mother, despite his awful upbringing.He did enter relationships with Raspail and later on Frederica Bimmel, the first in the "Buffalo Bill" killings. He also adored his poodle called Precious, and would have her close by him at all times. When Precious was kidnapped by Catherine Martin, he was distraught and was brought to tears, and threatened to kill Martin should she harm Precious. He also harboured obsessions, such as his desire to be a woman and a keen interest in moths and butterflies, their transformations inspiring him to commit murder.

Despite his delusional and psychotic episodes, he showed to be an intelligent, ruthless man. He was proficient at disguise, using many false aliases to hide his true identity. He often pretended to be injured to lure women into his van, wearing an arm cast with a crow bar hidden in it. He was an excellent tailor, using his experience from his previous employment to gruesome effect as Buffalo Bill. He also had forensic knowledge, knowing that dumping his victims into water removed any trace of him.



  • After his death, Buffalo Bill recieved a new nickname; "Mr. Hyde".
  • As he obtained the role of Buffalo Bill ,Ted Levine actually investigated the history of real-life serial killers in order to get ready for the role.
  • The various elements of Buffalo Bill's M.O. were based upon six real-life serial killers:
    • Jerry Brudos, who would dress up in his victims' clothing and keep their shoes.
    • Ed Gein, who fashioned trophies and keepsakes from the bones and skin of corpses who he dug up at cemeteries. He also made a female skin suit and skin masks.
    • Ted Bundy, who pretended to be injured (using an arm-brace or crutches) as a ploy to ask a select few of his victims for help or assistance. They helped him, and this was when he subsequently incapacitated and killed them, dumping their bodies far away.
    • Gary M. Heidnik, who kidnapped six women and held them prisoner as sex slaves.
    • Edmund Kemper, who, like Gumb, killed his grandparents as a teenager "just to see what it felt like."
    • Gary Ridgway, the then-unidentified Green River Killer, who, like Gumb, dumped women's bodies in rivers and inserted foreign objects into their corpses.


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